Refrigerated trucks, shipping container, and railcars from long-haul to last mile applications are prime applications for the Threshhold VIPs. Almost all refrigerated or frozen food items must be transported to market by trucks or railcars.  As much fuel can be used to refrigerate a railcar as to transport it from coast to coast.  Threshhold VIPs can be used to save energy and insulate the areas where very little room is available for insulation. Having over twice the insulation value at one-fourth the thickness of insulation can allow for significant increases in payload when transporting goods while also reducing the fuel costs associated with keeping the payloads at their required temperatures.